What Is The Key of The House of David?
The mystery of this key is that it is the key that unlocks the mystery of the revelation of G-d himself that, it is promised in Revelation 10:7, will be ‘unlocked’ in the hour when the seventh angel prepares to blow his trumpet. Anyone whose heart longs above all else to shine with the witness of the divine menorah light to the end — anyone who longs to be a witness in the last hour to Yehoshua the Mashiach of Israel — will seek to understand what the key of the house of David is, and why Yehoshua is telling them that he is the one who now has that key.
In his address to the seven assemblies concerning those who overcome the world through the power of G-dliness, Yehoshua has said:
- “I will give [them] the right to eat from the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God.” [The fruit of the tree of life, which is in the Garden of Eden Above, yields the divine spirit of prophecy (Rev. 19:5 and10) by which one may be filled with the knowledge of the letters of the name of G-d, to speak them with a pure lip.]
- [They] will not be hurt at all by the second death. [There is a final exercise of the power of Elohim to trim and prune and redefine his creation to bring it into its eternal estate. This is his power to exercise as its judge. This ultimate exercise of the ultimate power will not come against those who have overcome this world through the power of G-dliness, but will justify, strengthen and support them.]
- I will give [them] some of the hidden manna. I will also give that person a white stone with a new name written on it, known only to the one who receives it. [The hidden manna is the inner divine thought that is in the commandment, that is kept from the natural mind, because it pertains to the intent of the commandment in the world to come. As it is the commandments of G-d, expressing the will of G-d for what all Adam, and each person in Adam, should be, so the inner divine thought of the commandment of G-d defines and empowers each G-dly soul in its personal eternal relationship with G-d.]
- To the one who is victorious and does my will to the end, I will give authority over the nations— that one 'will rule them with an iron sceptre and will dash them to pieces like pottery'—just as I have received authority from my Father. I will also give that one the morning star. [The will of the G-d Anointed King of Israel is the revelation of the one true G-d, the G-d of Israel. The one who, in the end, anoints him as King of Israel in his or her heart receives authority over the nations in doing this, and their testimony, when they are called to the witness stand, will crush all claims made by the nations against G-d. The honor of giving the announcement of the first light of the Kingdom of Mashiach coming over all the earth will be given to them.]
- They will walk with me, dressed in white, for they are worthy… I will never blot out the name of that person from the book of life, but will acknowledge that name before my Father and his angels. [The white robe is the robe of the high priest who was commanded to enter into the presence of G-d in the Holy of Holies in the Temple, to stand before the ark of the Torah of G-d and before its cover, the place of G-d’s presence. There atonement for all the sin of Israel is found. There the atonement of the sprinkling of the blood of Yehoshua for Jerusalem and for Israel is found, for all the sin that was found in her, which was all the sin of Adam. This atonement rests as a covering for the Torah of G-d in the heart of G-d’s presence and in the hearts of the children of Israel and all the nations which adhere to her, for every soul that overcomes the world through the power of the word of G-d and of G-dliness.]
- I will make [that person to be] a pillar in the temple of my God. Never again will they leave it. I will write on them the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which is coming down out of heaven from my God; and I will also write on them my new name. [The dwelling place on earth which G-d made for Adam, where he would meet and fellowship with Adam was destroyed through unthankfulness, covetousness and theft. Instead of being filled with prayer, the Garden of Eden was filled with silence. The place of pure and everlasting meeting between G-d and Adam is in the new Jerusalem, the redeemed heart of Israel. Whoever has this testimony will be made a pillar in that temple, that place of meeting. And the reward of their service will be the name of G-d and his Mashiach, together with the name of his bride written upon them. For the communion of G-d himself shall be all their sustenance. For then the earth and the heavens shall be filled forever with the sound of the prayer of thanksgiving.]
- I will give [them] the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I overcame all and sat down with my Father on his throne. [The joy of all things will be seeing the lovingkindness of G-d shown to Jerusalem and to Israel, for the sake of all creation, and through the power of that joy all creation will exercise lovingkindness one toward another, and shall rule over all temptation, walking perfectly before G-d forever.]
With these promises, Yehoshua exhorts all who are assembled through his name to overcome the daydreaming of this world, with all its shameful covering over of guilt and rationalizing of sin and proud and violent imaginations of never ending generations and futures. He exhorts all to overcome the atheism of sin with the power of the promise of this G-dliness which he reveals, the G-dliness to come, which is in him, to which he holds the key, which G-d has called, the key of David.
The Key of David in The Prophetic Scriptures
Isa 22:20 ¶And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah:
Isa 22:21 And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.
Isa 22:22 And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.
Isa 22:23 And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father’s house.
Isa 22:24 And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the cups, even to all the pitchers.
tells us that:
The closing section of chapter 22 of Isaiah in verses 15-25 is a prophecy against "this steward Shevna who is over the house".
This commentary tells us that Shevna was the leader of in Jerusalem in the time of King Hezekiah of those who secretly desired to surrender to the Assyrian adversary.
He is specifically mentioned in Isaiah's narrative about the siege of Sennacherib as having been one of the Hezekiah's envoys sent to the ramparts of Jerusalem to speak with Sennacherib's spokesman Ravshakeh (Isaiah 36:3). There the text calls Shevna the "scribe" while El-yakim son of Hilkiah is described (at that point) as being "over the house" (meaning either the king's chamberlain or perhaps the chief Temple officer).
However in our present (earlier) chapter, it is Shevna who is said to be "over the house" (v 15). RaDaK (Rabbi David Kimchi, on v 20 of our present chapter) conjectures that Shevna was initially the king's chamberlain but that he was demoted to the position of scribe while El-yakim was appointed "over the house" as prophesied in vv 20-24 of our present chapter.
At the height of the siege of Jerusalem, Shevna, as Hezekiah's "scribe", put on an outward display of loyalty but was secretly bent on treachery. Apparently he intended to break out of Jerusalem and go over to the side of Sennacherib, expecting that he would be appointed king in place of Hezekiah.
The Talmud relates that Shevna shot an arrow to the Assyrian camp with a message that he and his party were in favour of capitulation while Hezekiah was defiant. However, after Shevna left Jerusalem the angel Gabriel closed the city gates, preventing any of his followers from leaving, and when Shevna came alone to Sennacherib's camp the king had him tied to horses tails and dragged over thorns (Sanhedrin 26a-b).
In Rabbi Nachman's teaching in Likutey Moharan II:1, Shevna is seen as the archetype of the false leader while El-yakim ben Hilkiah is the archetype of the true Tzaddik, (the Righteous One).
What Is The History of The Key of David?
We read in Isaiah about G-d taking the key of the house of David from Shevna, (or the possibility of receiving the key of the house of David from Shevna), and giving it to El-yakim. What, then, is this key? In one word, the key of the house of David is the promise that G-d made to King Solomon to preserve one tribe for the sake of his covenant with David. What covenant is this? It is G-d’s only covenant, the same covenant he made with Avraham, his Torah covenant, the covenant of the Good News of the Jew, the Good News of Judah and Jerusalem. This is the record:
1 Kgs. 11:11 Wherefore the Lord said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done by you, and you have not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded you, I will surely rend the kingdom from you, and will give it to your servant.
12 Notwithstanding in your days I will not do it for David your father’s sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of your son.
13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to your son for David my servant’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake which I have chosen.
1 Kings 11:26ff.
¶And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephrathite of Zereda, Solomon’s servant, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow woman, even he lifted up his hand against the king. And this was the cause that he lifted up his hand against the king: Solomon built Millo, and repaired the breaches of the city of David his father. And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young man that he was industrious, he made him ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph. And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field:
30 And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces:
31 And he said to Jeroboam, Take ten pieces: for this is what the Lord says, even the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to you:
32 But he shall have one tribe for my servant David’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:
33 Because they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father.
34 Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand: but I will make him prince all the days of his life for David my servant’s sake, whom I chose, because he kept my commandments and my statutes:
35 But I will take the kingdom out of his son’s hand, and will give it unto you, even ten tribes.
36 And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there.
37 And I will take you, and you shall reign according to all that your soul desires, and shall be king over Israel.
38 And it shall be, if you will attend unto all that I command you, and will walk in my ways, and do what is right in my sight, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as David my servant did; that I will be with you, and build you a sure house, as I built for David, and will give Israel unto you.
The Key of The House of David is this:
The key of the house of David is this: 1Kings 11:13 “Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to your son for David my servant’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake which I have chosen.”
Whatsoever would happen to to the tribes taken away from the house of David, it was determined that the tribe of Judah would be preserved to the house of David for the sake of the covenant that G-d made with David that David’s son should be made Mashiach, and for the sake of Jerusalem, which was chosen as the city of the meeting place with G-d.
Thus, when Sennacherib came against Judah and Jerusalem to destroy them he came against the the promise of the word of G-d to bring forth Mashiach and save Jerusalem. Against Judah and against Jerusalem Sennacherib could have power but against the word of G-d Sennacherib could have no power. Therefore Shevna in seeking to form a collaboration with Sennacherib, to accommodate the adversary of the word of G-d, was consumed by the word of G-d. El-yakim son of Hilkiah, however, who was faithful to the testimony of the promise to the house of David received the key of David, to guard over the house until he to whom the key belonged came to his own.
Then, when the Son of David came and prayed with the sacrifice of his soul for Jerusalem he himself was given the charge over this promise of G-d’s word to Solomon concerning Judah and Jerusalem. Just as Judah and Jerusalem could not be destroyed though they were brought down into the level of captivity by Babylon, so they cannot be destroyed now in the end of days. For the executed and risen Yehoshua the Mashiach himself, who is seated at the right hand of the Father in the heavens, holds this key of David. All eternal and universal salvation is promised through this key, this promise of the Davidic Prince ruling over Judah and Jerusalem, in which also all the tribes are called up to salvation and unity with G-d, and all nations as their servants in this salvation.
Therefore it is written:
Rev 3:5 “The one who overcomes, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out their name out of the book of life, but I will confess their name before my Father, and before his angels."
Rev 3:6 "The one who has an ear, let them hear what the Spirit says unto the gatherings.”
Rev 3:7 "And to the angel of the gathering in Philadelphia write; These things says he who is holy, he who is true, he who has the key of David, he who opens, and no one shuts; and shuts, and no one opens;”
Rev 3:8 "I know your works: behold, I have set before you an open door, and no one can shut it: for you have a little strength, and have kept my word, and have not denied my name."
Rev 3:9 "Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of the adversary, who say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you.”
Shevna was a Jew who proved to not be a Jew but was one who converted to the anti-faith of the adversary, the false faith of the imposture Messiah. For the king of Assyria was the type of the final king of the north, the one prophesied to be the imposture Messiah. Shevna was one who would have willingly made even a gentile tyrant his emperor, and in doing so he would have brought Jerusalem and Judah into the same captivity as that of the lost tribes of the house of Israel, because he did not have faith in the word of G-d.
Shevna was made like dust before the feet of El-yakim son of Hilkiah, who was given the key of the house of David, the torch of the promise of G-d made to King Solomon, and El-yakim was made the peg upon which the hopes of Judah and Jerusalem were hung, preserving them safely until the time that the promised son of David would come. This is the Scriptural reference that is being made, the Biblical account being referred to by Yehoshua in his address to the assembly in Philadelphia.
The Gathering (Philadelphia) Receiving The Keys To The Kingdom
Heb 5:5 So also Messiah glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, You are my Son, today have I begotten you.
Heb 5:6 As he saith also in another place, You are a priest forever after the order of Melkisedek.
[Note: This is the high priesthood of the firstborn, which priesthood was confessed by the words of Melkisedek as being given by G-d to Avraham. When the priesthood was given to the tribe of Levi, it was done so in the aspect of holding the place and office of the firstborn of Israel, until the Mashiach should come.]
Heb 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
[Note: This was done by Mashiach Yehoshua as the true firstborn high priest of Israel. His prayers as the firstborn high priest of Israel were made for Israel. To say, that they were somehow made for others, in rejection of Israel, is to go outside the Scripture. Indeed, to say that his prayers were for anyone or anything other than Israel, in order that all families of the earth might be blessed through the salvation of Israel, as promised to Avraham, is to contradict the covenant of promise that G-d made with Avraham. This is essentially the bankrupt nature of what is called Replacement Theology, which is Rejection Theology, in that it is based on the supposed rejection of corporate Israel, (either from the beginning or at the time of the death of Messiah), rather than its redemption. Indeed, Yehoshua offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death” for Jerusalem’s sake and for the sake of all Israel, in order that Adam might thereby receive atonement for sin, “and (he) was heard in that he feared” (the G-d of Israel, the Most High).]
Heb 5:8 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; Heb 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
The Key of David Is The Promise of The Good News,
Which We Must Hear and Obey
1Kgs 11:36 And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there.
[Note: This obedience of faith, to this Good News of Israel and Her Messiah is the obedience whereby we overcome our evil inclination which has caused us to obey sin. Unto this obedience he will open every door and unto every counterfeit of this faith he will close every door, as he showed with Shevna, closing every door and with El-yakim son of Hilkiah opening every door. Therefore let us rectify our hearts before G-d to serve no other goal than his Good News, first to the Jew and also to the Goy.]
Why Does Yehoshua Tell Us That It Is He Who Now Holds The Key of David?
The good news is that Jerusalem and Judah were preserved through captivity and centuries of domination by gentile empires through prophets and holy, faithful believers like El-yakim until Yehoshua, the promised son of David came and through his prayer and sacrifice preserved once for all Jerusalem and the tribe of Judah even to and through the last hour of the last day of tribulation and judgment. All who are faithful to the testimony of that prayer and sacrifice of Yehoshua for Judah and Jerusalem will also be preserved in that salvation.
“I Make a New Thing: A Woman Shall Surround A Man”
In Jeremiah 31 we read this mysterious prophecy of the new creation. Revelation chapter 12 can be read as a commentary on this prophecy. Israel, through her G-dliness, her devotion to her G-dly son, is seen as being, as it were, for a time, the saviour of her saviour. Like the woman in Genesis 3:15, the woman suffers the enmity of the adversary, becoming the target of the adversary until the body that is in her comes forth that is able to crush the head of the adversary. Then all Israel is saved! For Israel is not Israel according to any definition that the nations can reject her or destroy or exterminate her. Nor is she Israel according to the natural definition of other nations who are defined only as branches of one family tree, through the headship of Adam. For Israel is defined by G-d alone, as one branch of the human family, but as the only family branch that he has chosen to redeem, to give to her a new head, even her bridegroom, Mashiach, into which to graft all branches of humanity for salvation. Just so, this is the eternal Eve, the true Mother of All Living, even the first Adam, through repentance.